October 23: Analyzing Style

Key concepts from class:

  • What are the most important themes and motifs from Araby?
  • What are some stylistic elements in Araby?
  • Be familiar with: figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification, alliteration, cliché, hyperbole, allusion, ), sentence structure, vocabulary, time, and tone

In-class reading: William Blake – A Poison Tree

Homework: Read Flannery O’Connor’s short story “A Good Man is Hard to Find”, available at http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html.


  1. What does Red Sam mean by “a good man”? Is that the idea that you have of “a good man”? Does your idea of it change throughout the story?
  2. Foreshadowing is when an author hints at a later event in the story. Do you see any elements of foreshadowing?
  3. Pay attention to how the author introduces each character. What are the characters’ relationships with each other? What do they think about each other?

11 thoughts on “October 23: Analyzing Style

  1. what does foreshadowing and stylistic elements and foil
    why the authors use (shoulder magic artifact of attraction artifact of doom etc ) and if we want to put a title for them what will be ?

      • do we have to know some information about the authors of thestories or not necessary?
        what does anton chekov mean; chekovs gun and magguffin .i don’t understand them well?
        in characterization we have flot and round what do they mean?
        thank you

      • Dear Soumaya,

        No, you do not have to know anything about the author’s lives. Just know the stories well. Anton Chekhov was a Russian author, and he developed the idea of Chekhov’s gun, a plot device that says that once a gun appears in a story, it should and will be used. A seemingly unimportant object will take on an important role later in the story. You can read about it here: http://www.how-to-write-a-book-now.com/chekhov.html.

        The MacGuffin is another plot device. It means that in a story, there might be an object that is very important to find or to discuss, but the nature of the actual object is not important. For example, in a story about a government conspiracy, they might be looking for “the important papers”. The audience never finds out what is written in the papers, but you only learn that there is important information in the papers.

        Round characters are complex characters, flat characters are generally defined by one characteristic.

        I hope this helps!

  2. thank you very much
    and what does foil mean?
    there is a question in the story araby about stylistic elements i don’t know what is the answer of that question really and another question that talks about elements of foreshadowing what is the answers of these questions ?
    and thank you very much

  3. dear teacher;
    can you give us a website where can we find the explanation of the figurative language that you gave them to us ?

  4. good evening teacher how are you i want to ask you a question in study skills
    you said that we have two kinds or types of taxonomy of learning which are bloom and krathwohl’s ?
    is this information true or not.
    do we have to learn the quote (education is not the filkling of a pail but …) and to revise it or we wont have it in the exam?
    and what does papanvic mean?

  5. what is the advañtages and disadvantages of outlining . concept of mapping .and charting stories
    please teacher i am waiting for your answer

  6. what is memorization
    rhyme keys
    i hope you will answer my questions

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